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Did Fresno Parks Tax Pass? Courts Asked to Decide.
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By David Taub, Senior Reporter
Published 5 years ago on
February 2, 2019

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The Fresno City Council wants clarity on whether or not Measure P was approved by voters.
Despite a 52% favorable vote for the proposed parks tax last November, city attorney Douglas Sloan interpreted state law as requiring a two-thirds majority for passage.
By a 4-3 vote in closed session on Thursday (Jan. 31), the council directed Sloan to seek advice from a higher authority by filing a declaratory relief action in Fresno Superior Court.
According to Black’s Law Dictionary, declaratory relief (also referred to as declaratory judgment) is “a court decision in a civil case that tells the parties what their rights and responsibilities are, without awarding damages or ordering them to do anything.”


“Progressives up and down the state are trying to create new law out of whole cloth. We strongly believe they will be unsuccessful.”Jon Coupal, Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association
Council members Miguel Arias, Luis Chavez, Nelson Esparza and Esmeralda Soria voted for the legal measure; Garry Bredefeld, Paul Caprioglio and Steve Brandau voted no.

Advocates File Lawsuit

“If a majority of residents want to tax themselves for a specific purpose, the have the right to that conclusion, Arias said. “There is a lack of clarity. It is in our best interests for the courts to weigh in and provide a final direction.”
Meanwhile, Fresno Building Healthy Communities filed a lawsuit in Fresno Superior Court on Friday (Feb. 1) the Fresno Bee reports, declaring that 52% should be enough for the city to rule the measure as approved.
Measure P, if enacted, would raise the city’s sales tax by three-eighths of a cent for a 30 year period. The proceeds, estimated at $38 million a year, would toward parks and related programs.
“We cannot let the City of Fresno disregard the voices of residents and young people who have led the #Parks4All movement for the last several years,” said Sandra Celedon, president and CEO of Fresno BHC, in a group newsletter. “The law is clear, citizen-led initiatives, like Measure P, require a simple majority and a majority of Fresnans support more and better parks.”

Brand’s Statement

Mayor Lee Brand, who led the effort to oppose Measure P, released this statement:


“It may take three years or longer for this case to be finally settled by the California Supreme Court and in the meantime, the people of Fresno will suffer.  I will work to make sure that our residents don’t have to.”Mayor Lee Brand
“We received a copy of the lawsuit this morning and I am aware of the Council’s request for clarification from the Court on Measure P.
“The authors and proponents of Measure P told voters it would take a two-thirds vote to adopt the tax.  Now they want a court to change the rules after the election and say that a bare majority outweighs the California Constitution, as modified by Proposition 218, which was passed by the voters in 54 of 58 counties in the state in 1996.
“I also believe this action will make it much more difficult to unify the community in support of a balanced measure that not only seeks to remedy our deficiencies in parks, but also in public safety and many other areas where the City does not have sufficient resources to provide the necessary services our residents need and deserve.
“It may take three years or longer for this case to be finally settled by the California Supreme Court and in the meantime, the people of Fresno will suffer.  I will work to make sure that our residents don’t have to.”

Challenge Stems from Upland Case

Voters passed Proposition 218 in 1996 establishing how taxes could be raised in California. As it pertains to Measure P, Proposition 218 said a tax directed toward a specific purpose would need two-thirds of voters to approve through an election.
A 2017 state Supreme Court case ruled that some provisions of Prop 218 didn’t apply to taxes placed on the ballot by the initiative process, also like Measure P.
The decision in the Upland case answered a specific question of when a special tax election would take place. Though the decision did not rule whether such a special tax needed a majority or two-thirds vote to pass, the Court majority weighed in on the question.

Majority Opinion Raises Questions

Writing for the majority, Justice Mariano-Florentino Cuéllar made a distinction between government-proposed taxes and citizen-led efforts.
“Multiple provisions of the state Constitution explicitly constrain the power of local governments to raise taxes,” he wrote. “But we will not lightly apply such restrictions on local governments to voter initiatives, ‘one of the most precious rights of our democratic process,” he said.
Some jurisdictions, such as the City and County of San Francisco, interpreted the Supreme Court’s ruling to mean only a majority was needed for initiative based tax measures. Voters approved a special tax measure in June 2018 with less than two-thirds.
The Howard Jarvis Taxpayers Association challenged that ruling, suing in superior court. It is currently working its way through the legal system.
Jon Coupal, president of HJTA, said it’s wrong to rely on the Upland decision.
“Progressives up and down the state are trying to create new law out of whole cloth. We strongly believe they will be unsuccessful,” Coupal said.
Coupal said they have also filed a similar suit in Oakland, and would consider jumping into the Fresno action.

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David Taub,
Senior Reporter
Curiosity drives David Taub. The award-winning journalist might be shy, but feels mighty with a recorder in his hand. He doesn't see it his job to "hold public officials accountable," but does see it to provide readers (and voters) the information needed to make intelligent choices. Taub has been honored with several writing awards from the California News Publishers Association. He's just happy to have his stories read. Joining GV Wire in 2016, Taub covers politics, government and elections, mainly in the Fresno/Clovis area. He also writes columns about local eateries (Appetite for Fresno), pro wrestling (Off the Bottom Rope), and media (Media Man). Prior to joining the online news source, Taub worked as a radio producer for KMJ and PowerTalk 96.7 in Fresno. He also worked as an assignment editor for KCOY-TV in Santa Maria, California, and KSEE-TV in Fresno. He has also worked behind the scenes for several sports broadcasts, including the NCAA basketball tournament, and the Super Bowl. When not spending time with his family, Taub loves to officially score Fresno Grizzlies games. Growing up in the San Francisco Bay Area, Taub is a die-hard Giants and 49ers fan. He graduated from the University of Michigan with dual degrees in communications and political science. Go Blue! You can contact David at 559-492-4037 or at Send an Email

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