By Robert McDonald
On April 19, 1775, the battles of Lexington and Concord marked the beginning of the Revolutionary War.
The Americans’ success in their war for independence from Great Britain made room for the creation and development of the American republic.
The quiz below, from the Ashbrook Center at Ashland University in Ashland, Ohio, provides an opportunity for you to test your knowledge of the American Revolution.
1. Which of the following wasn’t among the causes of the Revolutionary War?
2. Which famous poet celebrated the “embattled farmers” who stood their ground at Concord’s Old North Bridge and fired “the shot heard round the world”?
"Concord Hymn" is a poem by Ralph Waldo Emerson written for the 1837 dedication of the Obelisk, a monument in Concord, Massachusetts, commemorating the Battle of Concord, the second in a series of battles and skirmishes on April 19, 1775, at the outbreak of the American Revolution. (Wikipedia)
3. A major effort by the Second Continental Congress to reach a peaceful agreement with Great Britain was referred to as what?
John Dickinson drafted the Olive Branch Petition, which was adopted by the Second Continental Congress on July 5 and submitted to King George on July 8, 1775. It was an attempt to assert the rights of the colonists while maintaining their loyalty to the British crown. (Learner)
4. Which of the following men was not a general during the Revolutionary War?
Alexander Hamilton took an early role in the militia as the American Revolutionary War began. In 1777, he became a senior aide to General Washington in running the new Continental Army. (Wikipedia)
5. Which Revolutionary War battle involved the greatest number of armed combatants?
The size of the armies at the Battle of Long Island included 20,000 British and Hessian Troops against around 10,000 Americans. (British Battles)
6. During the war, the British hired professional mercenaries to fight alongside their own troops. What was the largest group of mercenaries called?
The term "Hessians" refers to the approximately 30,000 German troops hired by the British to help fight during the American Revolution. They were principally drawn from the German state of Hesse-Cassel, although soldiers from other German states also saw action in America. (Mount Vernon)
7. France backed the Americans during the Revolutionary War. Which signer of the Declaration of Independence was integral in securing its support?
8. Native American Indians played a significant role in the American Revolution. Which of the following Indian groups sided with the Americans?
The Oneida Nation played a significant role in the Revolutionary War, siding with the colonists against the British. Having fought valiantly in several key battles of the American War for Independence including the battles of Oriskany, and Saratoga, the Oneida Nation became known as the United State’s first allies. (Oneida Indian Nation)
9. In 1783, disillusioned military officers set up a secret meeting to discuss rebelling against their own Continental Congress. This planned meeting is referred to as what?
The Newburgh Conspiracy was what appeared to be a planned military coup by the Continental Army in March 1783, when the American Revolutionary War was at its end. (Wikipedia)
10. In 1783, which treaty ended the Revolutionary War?
The Treaty of Paris was the official peace treaty between the United States and Britain that ended the American Revolutionary War. It was signed on September 3, 1783. The Congress of the Confederation ratified the treaty on January 14, 1784. (Ducksters)
Answers: 1-D, 2-C, 3-A, 4-D, 5-B, 6-D, 7-C, 8-C, 9-B, 10-A
About the Writer
Robert M.S. McDonald is a member of the Ashbrook Center faculty, is professor of history at the U.S. Military Academy, author of “Confounding Father: Thomas Jefferson’s Image in His Own Time,” and editor of Ashbrook’s forthcoming compendium “The American Revolution: Core Documents.” He wrote this for InsideSources.com.