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Immanuel Schools Can Remain Open, Judge Rules
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By David Taub, Senior Reporter
Published 4 years ago on
August 26, 2020

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Pandemonium broke out in front of the B.F. Sisk Courthouse in downtown Fresno, after hundreds of supporters of Immanuel Schools learned that a judge ruled the private school can remain open.

While only a fraction remained for the result than showed up earlier in the day, parents, students and other Immanuel boosters broke out in a rendition of “Amazing Grace.”


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For now, Immanuel Schools in Reedley is allowed to continue face-to-face instruction on its campus.

County Wanted School Closed

Ignoring state and county health guidelines, Immanuel Schools, a K-12 institution in Reedley, opened Aug. 13. Last week, Fresno County interim health director Dr. Rais Vohra issued a health order mandating Immauel’s closure.

The county followed with a request for a temporary restraining order and preliminary injunction.

“The county must make an affirmative factual showing and a declaration pertaining competent testimony based on personal knowledge of irreparable harm, immediate danger or any other steps or a basis for granting relief again on an ex parte basis. The court finds that the county has not made that showing thus far and it denies the issuance of a temporary restraining order,” Judge D. Tyler Tharpe ruled from the bench.

The case will return to Tharpe’s courtroom on Sept. 15 to decide on the county’s injunction request. There is also a pending case headed to the state Supreme Court that could alter Immanuel’s fate.

School Elated

Immanuel superintendent Ryan Wood, also named in the county’s court action, was elated with the result.

“God is Greater’ is our theme for this year and we will continue to put our trust in Him above all else. We are humbled by the many people who have been praying and supporting our efforts to have students learning on campus,” Wood said in an email statement.

“We have seen first-hand the importance of having school on campus based on the excitement of our students and communication with our families, while also not having a single COVID related illness.

The full statement can be read here.

Immanuel supporters rally prior to the court hearing (GV Wire/Jahz Tello)

County Attorney Disappointed

Daniel Cederborg, county counsel, reacted to the decision.

It’s disappointing, but it’s, you know, with what was dropped on us this morning in terms of 450 pages of materials from the defendants, what the court found … if you notice what his ruling was, it was limited to the not showing him irreparable harm,” Cederborg said. “It doesn’t show anything about the merits of the case.”

Cederborg said the school’s reopening plan, made public in a court filing, impressed Tharpe.

I think he was impressed with the schools’ opening plan which the county had not seen until they dropped it in the 400 pages this morning,” Cederborg said.

The four-page plan calls for hand sanitizers in all classrooms, masks and gloves optional and daily temperature checks among other protocols. The document can be viewed here.

Two Fresno County supervisors were pleased with the decision.

“Death Star took a hit today,” Steve Brandau told GV Wire℠ via text.

Buddy Mendes, whose district covers the school in Reedley, expects this won’t be the last of it.

“I’m happy for them. A way to get this thing settles is to hear it in court,” Mendes said.

County counsel Daniel Cederborg (left) speaks with deputy county counsel Katwyn DeLaRosa outside the Sisk Courthouse. (GV Wire/Jahz Tello)

Rally in Support of Immanuel

Prior to the rally, hundreds gathered in front of the Sisk Courthouse for a rally in support of Immanuel staying open.

“We need to get our kids in school. I think it’s super important that parents have a choice that they can put their school kids in school or not,”  Katrina Bartel, who has three children attend Immanuel said.

“It’s a great victory for the parents.We are so pleased that the parents have a right to choose. That’s why we are here, for our children,” said parent Maribel Sorenson.

Legal Argument: School Achieved Herd Immunity

“I don’t know how the county can show that there is irreparable harm is going to be done in the community when there’s been scientific testing that is done stating that herd immunity has been seen by the community at Immanuel.”Jennifer Bursch, Immanuel Schools attorney

Cederborg argued that state and local emergency declarations gave the health director the power to act in the best interest of public health.

In court filings, Cederborg wrote that a 1905 Supreme Court case (Jacobsen v. Massachusetts) trumped any First Amendment claims.

“The government has broad power in a public health emergency, such as the current COVID-19 pandemic, to take the steps needed to stop the spread of a
communicable disease,” Cederborg wrote.

In a 414-page court filing on behalf of the school, a doctor attested to the fact that the school has reached herd immunity.

The school’s attorney, Jennifer Bursch of the Tyler & Bursch firm in Murrieta, argued in court that there was not a threat to spread COVID within the community.

In a declaration, Dr. Paul Atmajian said he tested 198 individuals on Aug. 4, with 59% showing positive antibodies for COVID-19.

“It is my professional medical opinion that Covid—19 spread unfettered through the Immanuel School community in early 2020 and that the Immanuel School achieved natural herd immunity to Covid-19,” Atmajian wrote.

Atmajian’s children attend the school, Bursch told the judge.

“I don’t know how the county can show that there is irreparable harm is going to be done in the community when there’s been scientific testing that is done stating that herd immunity has been seen by the community at Immanuel,” Bursch said in court.

Cederborg expressed his doubts in the validity of antibody — also known as serology — testing.

Supreme Court Case Coming

Everyone in court acknowledged that the pending case in front of the state Supreme Court, Immanuel Schools v. Newsom, may take precedence.

Bursch’s firm is representing Immanuel and several other plaintiffs in that case, including Clovis Christian School. The state is expected to file its arguments by Friday.

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David Taub,
Senior Reporter
Curiosity drives David Taub. The award-winning journalist might be shy, but feels mighty with a recorder in his hand. He doesn't see it his job to "hold public officials accountable," but does see it to provide readers (and voters) the information needed to make intelligent choices. Taub has been honored with several writing awards from the California News Publishers Association. He's just happy to have his stories read. Joining GV Wire in 2016, Taub covers politics, government and elections, mainly in the Fresno/Clovis area. He also writes columns about local eateries (Appetite for Fresno), pro wrestling (Off the Bottom Rope), and media (Media Man). Prior to joining the online news source, Taub worked as a radio producer for KMJ and PowerTalk 96.7 in Fresno. He also worked as an assignment editor for KCOY-TV in Santa Maria, California, and KSEE-TV in Fresno. He has also worked behind the scenes for several sports broadcasts, including the NCAA basketball tournament, and the Super Bowl. When not spending time with his family, Taub loves to officially score Fresno Grizzlies games. Growing up in the San Francisco Bay Area, Taub is a die-hard Giants and 49ers fan. He graduated from the University of Michigan with dual degrees in communications and political science. Go Blue! You can contact David at 559-492-4037 or at Send an Email

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