SACRAMENTO — Mercury Insurance Co. is ending its two-decade battle with California regulators over extra fees charged to customers by agreeing to pay the state more than $41 million, California Insurance Commissioner Ricardo Lara said Wednesday. He said it’s the largest property and casualty penalty and interest payment in the history of the state Insurance Department’s history.
The settlement came after the state Supreme Court last month declined to hear the company’s appeal from a lower court decision.
The company said it is the fourth largest private passenger automobile insurer in California, with assets over $4 billion. It also provides automobile insurance in Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Illinois, Nevada, New Jersey, New York, Oklahoma, Texas and Virginia.
A state appeals court in May reinstated a $27.6 million fine issued to Mercury by the Department of Insurance in 2015 for allegedly charging its customers illegal fees.
The department said Mercury allowed its auto insurance agents to charge up to $150 in unapproved fees on top of state-approved premiums. The company collected more than $27 million in fees on more than 180,000 transactions from 1999 to 2004, the department said, though Mercury argued that the costs were legal broker fees.
A judge in Southern California’s Orange County overturned the fine in 2016, but the state’s Fourth District Court of Appeal ruled that Mercury agents were not brokers and as a result could not charge the fees.
Mercury advertised that its rates were lower than competing insurance companies, without disclosing that it charged alleged illegal broker fees on top of the rates, Lara said. That gave agents an incentive to place policies with Mercury, even if a competitor’s policy would have been cheaper for the consumer.
Mercury Also Settles Allegation of False Advertising
“Mercury’s illegal actions misled consumers and undercut competitors, which gave them an unfair advantage in the insurance marketplace,” Lara said in a statement.
The $41.2 million settlement includes an additional $8.1 million in interest plus an additional $5.5 million payment to settle an allegation of false advertising that had not yet gone to trial, Lara said. That stems from the state’s argument that Mercury advertised its premiums were lower than other insurers, though they were actually higher because of the alleged illegal fees.
“This was a hard fought legal battle to protect consumers … and make sure all insurers play by the rules in California. No insurance company is above the law,” Lara said in a statement.
Mercury in an emailed statement said the actual fine assessed to close the case is $500,000 because it already paid the original fine of $27.6 million. The company said the rest of the money was for interest and costs associated with the case.
The company said it “decided to settle this case so we can move forward” and that the settlement was in the best interests of its customers, employees and other stakeholders.
Mercury added that “the fees at the heart of this dispute were charged and collected by independent brokers for the services they provided to their customers.”
Most of the money will go to California’s general fund. However, nearly $5 million will go to reimburse a special insurance fund used to enforce state insurance laws, meaning Mercury paid the state’s legal and court costs, Lara said.