Several new gun-related laws have been enacted by California Gov. Gavin Newsom, including the nation’s first statewide gun and ammunition tax and changes to concealed carry regulations.
These laws were signed as Newsom initiated a campaign to amend the U.S. Constitution to restrict firearm purchases and usage, a move that requires approval from two-thirds of all state legislatures.
Excise Tax on Firearms and Ammunition
Among the new laws set to take effect in 2024 and subsequent years is AB 28, which imposes an 11% excise tax on gun and ammunition purchases, with certain exceptions. The revenue generated will be used to prevent gun violence and assist victims seeking healthcare and legal action.
The federal government already taxes the sale of guns and ammunition at either 10% or 11%, depending on the type of gun. The law Newsom signed adds another 11% tax on top of that — making it the only state with its own tax on guns and ammunition, according to the gun control advocacy group Brady.
Microstamping and Body Armor Regulations
SB 452 mandates that all pistols must have microstamping technology by 2028, leaving unique markings on cartridge cases when fired. AB 92 prohibits individuals barred from owning firearms from purchasing or possessing body armor. AB 732 requires individuals convicted of certain crimes to surrender their firearms within 48 hours of conviction.
Changes to Concealed Carry Rules
Update: A federal judge on Wednesday, Dec. 20, 2023, blocked a California law that would have banned carrying firearms in most public places, ruling that it violates the Second Amendment of the U.S. Constitution and deprives people of their ability to defend themselves and their loved ones.
AB 1089 restricts the use of 3D printers or CNC milling machines to manufacture firearms to state-licensed manufacturers only. SB 2 alters the rules for carrying concealed weapons, banning them from most public places. SB 417 requires licensed dealers to display specific signage about safe storage requirements and other information.
AB 97, effective in 2033, mandates annual reports on arrests related to “ghost guns,” firearms without serial numbers. AB 301 allows judges to consider body armor purchases when issuing gun violence restraining orders. AB 303 enhances local law enforcement’s access to the Prohibited Armed Persons File.
Reporting Requirements and Waiting Periods
AB 355 allows certain weapons to be loaned to police officer trainees, while AB 455 permits prosecutors to request firearm possession prohibitions for defendants undergoing mental health treatment. AB 725 requires lost or stolen firearm frames or receivers to be reported from 2026. AB 1406 allows for the extension of the 10-day waiting period for firearm transfers or sales under certain circumstances. Finally, AB 1483 limits the number of private firearm sales facilitated by a dealer.
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