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Passage of Smoking in Apartments Ban Includes a Squirt Gun



Councilman Mike Karbassi shows off a squirt gun to make a point during the smoking ban in apartments debate (Image: screenshot)
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The Fresno City Council gave preliminary approval to ban smoking in apartment units. On a 5-2 vote, renters could face fines and possible action from their landlords starting Jan. 1.

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David Taub

Politics 101

As he told GV Wire earlier in the week, Councilman Tyler Maxwell — one of the ordinance’s authors — talked about his motivation.

“She is elderly. She is a cancer survivor. She’s going through cancer. She’s going through chemotherapy. And every day her apartment unit fills up with second hand smoke from the neighbors that she has no control over,” Maxwell said from the dais.

Councilman Garry Bredefeld said while he appreciated the intention, he opposed the prohibition. Among his arguments: the bill treats renters and homeowners differently, and doesn’t address smoking cessation measures nor enforcement questions.

Also in Politics 101: 

  • Mike Karbassi’s unusual prop
  • City debates about reopening council chambers.
  • Dictos running again for assessor-recorder.

Karbassi Pulls a Gun, a Squirt Gun

Also skeptical of the ordinance was Councilman Mike Karbassi. He questioned how code enforcement is supposed to enforce the ban.

“I’d like to introduce a little bit of levity because I do have some concern about concerns over private property rights,” Karbassi said as he pulled out a toy squirt gun. “It’s not loaded and I don’t have a CCW, but this is a very interesting weapon. It’s got plenty of range. … So when we go and see someone smoking in their own home, we can fire this and put out that cigarette or that cannabis, whatever they’re using.”

The ordinance bans smoking tobacco, marijuana and vaping in apartments with four or more units. Smoking would be allowed in designated smoking areas.

Karbassi and Bredefeld provided the only no votes. The ordinance will come back to the council for ratification.

Anti-Smoking Advocates, Apartment Group Support

Anti-smoking advocates spoke during the debate, supporting the measure. However, several speakers wished restrictions would go further — including applying to balconies, rental homes, and condos.

Condos do not apply because they are generally owned, not rented. Rental homes do not apply because they do not share walls with another unit.

The California Apartment Association supported the non-smoking ordinance. The group’s executive vice president Greg Terzakis said at least 90% of his members already ban smoking in their units.

Terzakis’ concern was having landlords referee a smoking dispute between tenants. Those concerns were alleviated with a late addition to the ordinance.

The landlord’s enforcement role is to provide a written notice when their is an accusation of smoking. As long as that provision is met, the landlord cannot be sued.

“This Ordinance does not create a private right of action for a tenant against a landlord for any damages the tenant may suffer due to another tenant’s breach of any smoking provision in a lease or other rental agreement, so long as the landlord has fully complied with the terms of this Ordinance,” the ordinance states.

Debate Over Opening City Council Chambers

While not on the agenda, several councilmembers and the mayor spoke about opening council chambers to the public.

The policy of an open chamber has changed several times since the onset of the pandemic. The council has met completely online, completely in person with the public allowed to attend, and in adherence to the policy in place since Aug. 19 — council and staff are in person, but the public is not allowed.

An emergency order went into effect on Sept. 13 that created the official policy. The ACLU told GV Wire earlier this week that such a system is contradictory to the Brown Act — the state’s open meeting law.

Councilmembers Garry Bredefeld and Miguel Arias — hardly friends on the dais — publicly supported reopening the chambers to all.

“The closure of this building has been nothing more than virtue signaling for the media by authoritarian politicians that work in this building and serve on this dais,” Bredefeld said.

Others appeared to be moving toward opening chambers.

“I heard my colleagues loud and clear. This was never an intent to prevent the public from participating,” City Council President Luis Chavez responded.

“It’s a cold day in hell,” Councilman Nelson Esparza joked about the conservative Bredefeld agreeing with the ACLU.

In a Reaganesque moment, Bredefeld had a request of Mayor Jerry Dyer.

“Mr. Mayor, you are the chief administrator. I call on you to open this chamber completely and immediately to the public,” Bredefeld said.

Dyer Explains Closure

Dyer said the decision to close chambers was made by the city’s COVID committee— which consists of Dyer, City Manager Thomas Esqueda, Assistant City Manager Greg Barfield, and councilmembers Arias, Esmeralda Soria, and Karbassi.

Data showing a COVID surge — zero ICU beds, hospitalized COVID patients, and the number of city employees in isolation — played a factor in closing city meetings to the public.

“Now, the COVID has plateaued in our in our county. Vaccines continue to rise more and more. ICU hospital beds are available, and I believe it’s appropriate now for those discussions to take place so that we can resume some form of normalcy and open up the council chambers as soon as we can. My commitment is we’ll have those conversations this week and in pursuit of that,” Dyer said.

The COVID committee generally meets on Mondays. The next city council meeting is Oct. 14, but other city committees — the parks committee and planning commission — meet this week.

Like the city council, the planning commission held its meetings in person without the public. The parks commission has always met virtually.

Dictos Running for Fourth Term as Assessor-Recorder

Paul Dictos

Paul Dictos says he still has the “enthusiasm and energy” to run for a fourth term as Fresno County’s assessor-recorder.

In making the announcement that he is running again in 2022, Dictos said he did not retreat during the pandemic.

“All during the pandemic, I continued to come to the office, rarely missing a couple of days [sic] … Throughout this crisis, my staff, many of whom have been working remotely, kept up production to pre-pandemic levels,” Dictos said in a news release.

Two others have filed campaign financial paperwork to run for assessor-recorder — former Fresno County supervisor Debbie Poochigian, and former Fresno City Councilman Paul Caprioglio.

The assessor-recorder is responsible for assessing property values and handling vital records such as birth certificates.

All other county incumbents have filed for re-election but are yet to draw challengers.

They include supervisors Buddy Mendes and Brian Pacheco; Auditor-Controller/Treasurer-Tax Collector Oscar Garcia; County Clerk James Kus; District Attorney-Public Administrator Lisa Smittcamp; Sheriff-Coroner Margret Mims; and Superintendent of Schools Jim Yovino.

The election is June 7, 2022.

Curiosity drives David Taub. The award-winning journalist might be shy, but feels mighty with a recorder in his hand. He doesn't see it his job to "hold public officials accountable," but does see it to provide readers (and voters) the information needed to make intelligent choices. Taub has been honored with several writing awards from the California News Publishers Association. He's just happy to have his stories read. Joining GV Wire in 2016, Taub covers politics, government and elections, mainly in the Fresno/Clovis area. He also writes columns about local eateries (Appetite for Fresno), pro wrestling (Off the Bottom Rope), and media (Media Man). Prior to joining the online news source, Taub worked as a radio producer for KMJ and PowerTalk 96.7 in Fresno. He also worked as an assignment editor for KCOY-TV in Santa Maria, California, and KSEE-TV in Fresno. He has also worked behind the scenes for several sports broadcasts, including the NCAA basketball tournament, and the Super Bowl. When not spending time with his family, Taub loves to officially score Fresno Grizzlies games. Growing up in the San Francisco Bay Area, Taub is a die-hard Giants and 49ers fan. He graduated from the University of Michigan with dual degrees in communications and political science. Go Blue! You can contact David at 559-492-4037 or at Send an Email

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