Americans borrowed more than ever to buy homes in 2021.
Mortgage lenders issued $1.61 trillion in purchase loans in 2021, according to estimates by the Mortgage Bankers Association. That is up slightly from $1.48 trillion in 2020 and above the previous record of $1.51 trillion in 2005.
Many of the forces that pushed Americans into the housing market in the early months of the pandemic—low interest rates and a desire for bigger homes—continue to drive up prices and mortgage balances, experts say.
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